Katakwi - Olilim

Olilim Village is found in Palaam Sub-county in Katakwi District.

Katakwi District is located in the North Eastern region of Uganda, lying between longitudes 33° 48’ E - 34° 18’ E and latitudes 1° 38’ N – 2° 20’ N. It shares borders with the districts of Napak in the north, Nakapiripirit in the east, Amuria in the west and northwest, Soroti in the southwest, and Kumi and Ngora in the south.

The District Headquarters is in Katakwi Town Council, a road distance of about 380 km from Kampala, the National capital.

Geo morphology 
The district landscape is generally a plateau with gently undulating slopes in certain areas. Altitude The district lies approximately between 1,036m – 1,127m above sea level.
 
Climate
The climate is characterized by two seasons: a wet season during March – October and a dry season during November – February.
The mean annual rainfall varies from 1000mm – 1500mm. The rainy season has a principal peak due around March - June and a minor peak around August – October. December and January are usually the driest months. Recent rainfall has been unreliable and unpredictable.
The district sometimes registers extremes of both very heavy rainfall and drought. In some cases heavy rainfall is accompanied by hailstones. Water logging as a result of heavy down pour is sometimes experienced in many areas, especially in Ngariam and Magoro sub-counties.
Katakwi District records a mean annual maximum temperature of 31.3°C and a mean minimum of 18°C. Relative humidity ranges from 66% to 83% at 0600 GMT in the morning, and 35% - 57% at 1200 GMT, thereby reducing chances of rainfall.
 
Soils
The soils are mainly of ferralitic type (sandy sediments and sandy loam). They are well drained and friable. Bottomland contains widespread deposits of alluvium. The land resource is fertile and productive. The most fertile areas lie in the North to Eastern part of the district.
 
Vegetation
The vegetation of Katakwi district is largely savannah grasslands dotted with shrubs and trees, dominated by acacia, Conbretum, Piliostigma, Butyrosperum paradoxum and Hyperenia species.
 
Geology
Geological surveys have revealed that Precambrian age basement complex rock of granites, mignalites, gneiss, schists and quartzites underlie most areas.
 
Natural resources
Water
The water resources in Katakwi consist of open water bodies (surface sources), ground water (sub-surface) and rain-harvest. Katakwi District has an area of 177 sq. km covered by water. The District has two minor lakes (Bisina and Opeta) in its border with Kumi and Ngora districts and one seasonal river (Kiriik) flowing from Karamoja. It also has a large swamp area. Water from these various sources is put to multiple uses including human, livestock and wildlife consumption. In addition, the open water sources being rich in bio-diversity are a source of fisheries resource.
 
Wetlands occupy the transition between open water bodies and terrestrial eco-system and perform important regulatory functions. Rainfall is the principal contributor of water to the surface bodies. Ground water is found in aquifers, which are water-bearing formations with hydrological characteristics that allow water to be extracted in significant amounts through the use of boreholes and dug wells. The productive aquifers are largely found in weathered bedrock and regolith over-lying crystalline basement rocks and in faults and fractures in the basement.

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